Here’s a look at the life of Venezuelan President Nicolás Maduro.
Birth date: November 23, 1962
Birth place: Caracas, Venezuela
Birth name: Nicolás Maduro Moros
Father: Nicolás Maduro García
Mother: Teresa de Jesús Moros
Marriage: Cilia Flores
Children: Nicolás Jr.
Worked as a bus driver for Caracas Metro and belonged to the transit union.
Maduro campaigned for Hugo Chavez’s release from prison for the 1992 attempted coup to overthrow President Carlos Andres Perez.
After Chavez’s release, Maduro helped him found the political party Fifth Republic Movement.
1983 – Bodyguard for presidential hopeful Jose Vicente Rangel.
1992 – Is introduced to Hugo Chavez.
1999 – Maduro is elected to the National Constituent Assembly, the body convened to draft a new constitution.
2000 – Is elected to the National Assembly, the country’s legislative branch of government
2005-2006 – Serves as Speaker of the National Assembly.
2006-2013 – Serves as Foreign Minister.
October 12, 2012 – Is selected by President Chavez to serve as his vice president.
December 9, 2012 – Facing his fourth surgery for cancer, Chavez endorses Maduro to succeed him.
March 8, 2013 – Is sworn in as interim president following the death of Chavez three days earlier.
April 14, 2013 – Wins the presidential election by fewer than two percentage points over Henrique Capriles Radonski.
April 19, 2013 – Maduro is sworn in a day after the National Electoral Council announces plans to complete an audit of votes cast in the April 14 election.
September 30, 2013 – Maduro announces on state-run VTV that he is expelling three US diplomats. He claims they were involved in a widespread power outage earlier in the month. “Get out of Venezuela,” he says, listing several names. “Yankee go home. Enough abuses already.”
February 12, 2014 – Student protests in Venezuela that started earlier in the month attract global attention when three people are killed. Major social and economic problems have fueled the protests, with some blaming Venezuela’s government for those problems.
February 20, 2014 – Venezuela revokes press credentials for CNN journalists in the country and denies them for other CNN journalists entering the country, following Maduro’s announcement that he would expel CNN if it did not “rectify” its coverage of anti-government protests, calling it war propaganda.
February 21, 2014 – Maduro calls for US President Barack Obama to “accept the challenge” of holding direct talks with Venezuela.
February 22, 2014 – Venezuela reissues press credentials for CNN journalists in the country.
January 15, 2016 – Following the release of years of economic data, Maduro declares a state of “economic emergency.”
May 13, 2016 – Maduro declares a “constitutional state of emergency,” which expands on the “economic emergency” he declared in January.
October 30, 2016 – Maduro sits down to engage in talks with political opponents for the first time in two years, in order to find a compromise among Venezuelan political parties.
July 31, 2017 – US Treasury Department sanctions freeze Maduro’s assets subject to US jurisdiction and bar US citizens from dealing with him. This comes a day after elections are held for a new lawmaking body in Venezuela. The department says the National Constituent Assembly “aspires illegitimately to usurp the constitutional role of the democratically elected National Assembly, rewrite the constitution, and impose an authoritarian regime on the people of Venezuela.”
January 24, 2018 – Announces he will run for re-election.
May 20, 2018 – Maduro is re-elected president with 68% of the vote. Turnout is 46%, below the 2013 rate which was 80%. Henri Falcon, his opponent, says he will not recognize the results. US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo denounces the election as a sham.
May 21, 2018 – An alliance of 14 Latin American nations and Canada, known as the Lima Group, release a statement calling the vote illegitimate. They will “decrease their diplomatic relations with Venezuela” and call back their ambassadors in Caracas for “consultation.” The alliance includes Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Peru and St. Lucia.
August 4, 2018 – Survives an apparent assassination attempt after several drones armed with explosives fly toward him during a speech at a military parade. Maduro blames the attack on far-right elements and Colombia’s outgoing president, Juan Manuel Santos. A Colombian presidential source tells CNN that Maduro’s accusations are “baseless.”
August 5, 2018 – Venezuela’s Interior Minister Néstor Reverol says that six people have been arrested after the apparent assassination attempt on Maduro.
September 8, 2018 – A report is published in the New York Times detailing secret meetings between US officials and Venezuelan military officers planning a coup against Maduro. CNN confirms the report, which describes a series of meetings over the course of a year. Ultimately, the US government decided not to back the coup.